JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS

A job hazard analysis, task hazard analysis or a hazard analysis by any other term is a planning tool to identify and address hazards before they occur.

IDENTIFY HAZARDS

  • Break down the tasks for the work activity.
  • Identify existing and potential hazards associated within those tasks.
  • Establish preventative measures.

PREVENTATIVE MEASURES

  1. Can you eliminate the hazard? Example: A road closure to traffic is a method of hazard elimination.
  2. Can you implement a substitution? Would using a different piece of equipment minimize the hazard? Example: An aerial lift might be safer than using a ladder.
  3. Is there an engineering control that will work? Examples: Implementing excavation protective systems like a trench box or hydraulic shoring or using wet methods to control silica exposure.
  4. What administrative controls can you implement?
    • Training.
    • Developing work procedures.
    • Signage.
  5. What is the correct personal protection equipment for the specific hazard?

PLANNING

Once you’ve identified the preventative measures, make sure you have the correct tools and equipment available.

  • Is a retractable device better suited than a standard 6-foot lanyard for fall protection?
  • Do you have the correct ladder type and height?
  • Do you need a filter or cartridge respirator?
  • Do you need leather, cut-resistant or chemical gloves?

REVIEW

As the project evolves, so does the hazard analysis process. To be effective, revisit and update the initial assessments as needed.

Download a printable PDF and recording form here.

Members can download the audio version of this toolbox talk soon.

INDOT Kicks Off 2017 STIP Public Meetings in Seymour

INDOT central office and district planning staff presented proposed projects included in the 2018-2021 Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) at the INDOT Seymour District offices this past Tuesday, April 29. STIP is a four-year planning document that lists all projects expected to be funded in those four years with federal funds and those state-funded projects that have been deemed as regionally significant. Public officials, industry representatives, and private citizens in attendance were encouraged to suggest projects to enhance transportation, bike routes and airport facilities.

You still have several opportunities to attend one of the STIP public meetings. Here is the schedule of dates. Here’s a copy of the 2016 – 2019 STIP.

Contact Dan Osborn with any questions at (317) 634-7547.

Ramps and Runways

Accidents often occur when we move materials on the worksite. Some estimates suggest that when we move materials, it takes up about 20 to 30 percent of the time spent on a worksite. Given that statistic, we must consider possible hazards when we move materials and do some pre-planning to ensure site safety.

Ramps or runways can help us move materials safely. During the pre-planning, consider what the ramp or runway will carry, the best materials you need to build it and where you will position it. Construct the ramp to bear the load you intend for it to carry. A collapsed ramp or runway can cause material and work-in-place damage, physical injury to workers and job delays.

General safety rules for ramps and runways include:

  • Build the ramp’s travel surface with suitable traction.
  • Make sure the angle of the ramp or runway isn’t too steep, and build cleats into the walkway.
  • Consider standard guardrails (with or without a toeboard) on both sides to prevent falls.
  • Never exceed a twelve-foot span (maximum) without bracing.
  • Give plenty of clearance between the ramp and other structures, so workers aren’t in danger of ramming materials or other workers into the walls.
  • Don’t overload a ramp or runway with people or materials. Don’t stop on a ramp or runway; keep moving.
  • Never work under a ramp or runway; the load may end up on you.
  • Keep ramps and runways in good repair. Replace guardrails and bracing as needed.
  • Keep the surface free of all debris.

Remember, failure to erect safe and accessible ramps and runways creates a dangerous work environment.